|Some Aspects of Reflex Diagnostics And Reflex Therapy|
Any process in nature in based on the cause-and effect mechanism and any disease does not immediately manifest itself through morphological changes in organs: first hidden initial disorders appear in the body. These are functional disorders which sometimes last for a short and sometimes for a long period before the onset of a disease.
These disorders are quite invisible because the body copes with them with the help of its compensatory abilities. And only when either compensatory abilities are depleted or the attack is too strong the stage of compensation turns into the stage of decompensation. At this moment people who before that considered themselves to be absolutely healthy start experiencing the first symptoms of a disease.
The idea is that organs and systems of the human body are connected to certain points on the skin which are called acupuncture points. These points react to the tiniest functional disorders in the body through the so-called meridian connections and they start reacting long before organic changes appear while the disorders are still functional. These reactions are manifested in acupuncture points through changes in their magnetic field, temperature, electrical resistance, rate of biochemical reactions, cell composition in them and their size. The so-called ďZakharyin-Gedd ZonesĒ are only enlarged and merged acupuncture points when the disorders in the body go too far.
Thus it becomes possible to detect changes in a body when they are still functional through for example measuring skin electric resistance or temperature in certain acupuncture points. To do the same and to the same extent by means of any clinical method of diagnostics is practically impossible. Each energy system and organ is connected to its own group of acupuncture points and among those points there exist the so-called representative points which bear maximum of reliable information about their system. And these very points should be used in diagnostical methods.
As far back as 1857 R. Dubois discovered that it is possible to diagnose patients on the grounds of functional disorders and not only on the grounds of organic changes revealed by clinical examinations and through the patientís complaints. Then in 1889 functional interrelation between acupuncture points and body systems was studied by J. K. Tarkhanov, in 1903 by V. U. Chagovets, in 1956 by S. Veidman. Later various electronic diagnostic methods were developed and approved on the basic of the studies made by A. K. Podshibyakin in 1952-1960, I. Nakatani in 1958, A.I.Netchushkin in 1973, and also by F.Y.Portnov, P.Nogier, R.Foll, I.Bratu and others. In 1988 the USSR Ministry of Health and the USSR Defence Ministry approved one by those methods which was used by the Soviet Cosmonauts during their space flights.
The experiments revealed the fact that various organs and systems of the body are linked to acupuncture points on the skin by a complex network of energy channels numbering 151 and that any slightest change in an organ immediately affects through these channels the state of these points. In human body there exist two systems of energy supply: the main one and the secondary one. The main system comprises twelve main and twelve feeding meridians. The secondary system protects the main one and in located at a different depth. It comprises skin-protective (sinew-muscle-12); muscle-protective (12); closing-connective (18); inner-protective (special-12); Lo-channels (27); miracle vessels (hereditary-controlling-8); transverse-protective (Shoo-Mao-12); energy-accumulative (seas-4); endocrine system (12); sky windows (10). It should be noted that several meridians may go through one and the same point. Thus several energy systems may be examined through one point if this point is taken in combination with other points.
Addition of other systems (lower respiratory ways, allergy, degenerative changes in organs) presents a deviation from traditional notions of accupuncture which has been developed by prominent medical men during several millennia. It brings disharmony into the logical traditional system.
When skin under diagnosis is dry and a point-electrode is used the skin resistance depends on the pressure applied to the electrode and the data are not accurate.
First functional disorders in a body appear in the secondary system in the form of either energy surplus or energy deficit in them and if the secondary system is not able to compensate disorders these changes appear in the main system. So for early diagnostics it is necessary to examine not only the main and the feeding meridians but also the whole secondary energy system of a body. And this system may have many disorders since it has a greater number of meridians. If these changes are not taken into consideration the diagnostics become unreliable and the following treatment ineffective which in turn discredits the method of reflex therapy itself. Unfortunately most diagnostic methods do not examine secondary energy systems.
In balancing energy systems the decisive factor is not so much the calculation of the energy amount in them but finding out the rate of energy circulation, that is whether the energy is in the mode of circulation or in the mode of stagnation. According to the rules of reflex therapy any energy surplus should be inhibited. And how can a meridian in the state of stagnation be inhibited? There will be absolutely no effect since you cannot slow down something which does not move. So first the energy in this meridian should be transformed from the state of stagnation into that of circulation and only after that its amount may be diminished. The same goes for the case of energy deficit in a meridian. To our great regret this basic rule is followed by practically none of reflex therapists. And efficiency of the procedures depends mainly on this rule.
According to the rules of classical reflex therapy the energy surplus in the given meridian should be redistributed along other meridians which lack energy. This surplus may be caused by two factors: lither it is a surplus of the meridian own energy or Pathogenic Bioclimatic Energy (Cold, Wind, Fire, Humidity, Dryness) penetrated this meridian and this led a general energy surplus. Practically none of the acupuncturists diagnoses the cause of the meridian energy surplus. And this is important because if a doctor redistributes the energy surplus along other meridians in order to make the energy amount normal and this energy contains Pathogenic Bioclimatic Energy the latter will go to other meridians connected with the meridian in question. So the patients feel aggravation of their states. To prevent this it is necessary first to determine whether the meridian contains the Pathogenic Bioclimatic Energy or not. Then this energy should be filtered out from the patient's body and only after that the surplus energy in this meridian can be reduced by regular means.
Also in almost all the manuals on reflex therapy the theoretical part begins with the description of energy principles of Inn and Yan and then it is stated that any health problems are characterized by different degrees of disbalance of these energies. Then the theory of five primary elements is described proceeding to the interrelations between them according to the law mother-son, grandfather-grandson etc. All this is completely forgotten by the end of the manual where lists of clinical diagnoses are given, the latter having nothing to do with the energy disorders described at the beginning. The lists are supplied with the prescriptions of acupuncture points recommended for treating the given disease. So when it comes to treatment first the authors depart from traditional ideas and approach European principles and second they maintain the principle of treating the disease, not the patient because the same point prescriptions, are recommended to all patients, which contradicts one of the main medicine principles: Treat not the disease but the patient. Ancient Chinese literature also gives acupuncture points prescriptions but they are provided with explanation what energy changes can be obtained through this or that application on each point and also what results can be expected in the development of a certain disease in a patient also taking into consideration the results of the patientís examination.
So it is more important for a reflex-therapeutist to see how various energy systems of a body are filled with energy and the clinical diagnosis does not matter since this doctor will first of all restore the energy balance of the patientís body by the method of acupuncture.No pills or chemicals can restore that balance as well as it is impossible to measure the smell of a rose by a measure ruler. Only adequate methods of treatment may be applied effectively in case of reflex diagnostics. So if the diagnostics is carried out by the methods of reflex diagnostics and then the treatment is done by physical methods there will be no effect (except for psychotherapeutic one) because in this case the methods of treatment are not adequate to the revealed disorders. Computer diagnostics is always more profound and more informative than clinical diagnostics. That is why check the reability of electronic methods of diagnostics by clinical is complete ignorance.
And if a reflex-therapeutist in his advertisment enlists the diseases which he/she treats it only shows that this doctor does not know what he/she is doing.
All the above-mentioned meridians are interconnected into the integral energy system of human body. Doctors can act upon separate meridians in this system through the corresponding acupuncture points following certain rules. These rules are various and this variety is necessary so that different means of disorder elimination in the energy systems could be used if one from the chosen methods may worsen the state of other energy systems. That is why a professional doctor must know not only the structure of all the body systems but also their interconnections and the rules of treating them. Thus no chemical substances or other methods (magnetic field, infrared or laser radiation, impulse current etc) can act on acupuncture points adequately and guarantee results. It is explained by the fact that several energy systems pass through many of the same acupuncture points at different levels: so the only adequate and guaranteed means of acupuncture points treatment is the acupuncture needle.
There is something more to it. A human being is a chronobiologycal creature and so a human body exists in accordance with its daily, monthly, yearly and other biorhythms. These biorhythms must be taken into consideration in the algorithms of calculations of the examination data which will make the result more reliable. For example, encephalogram norms for healthy person asleep and awake are different and if the readings of the encephalogram of a person awake show the standards for a person asleep it will mean a pronounced pathology.
There is another basic principle in reflex therapy according to which all steps in treatment technology should follow a certain order. You cannot treat acupuncture points of a concrete prescription in any random order.Treating each point the doctor should clearly realize what end will be reached and what changes in the body will follow so that the consequent changes take place on a carefully prepared ground. But almost all reflex therapeutists neglect this aspect.
Since the main energy systems go through the whole human body (though having their own information points) and only some of them branch off to the cochleae and to the iris it is not possible to make out a diagnosis by measuring points of the cochleae only or only some parts of the body (foot, hand and frontal prominences) or by only studying the iris morphological structure. Such methods leave unattended most of the body energy systems and lower treatment efficiency.
It is also inadmissible to use both electronic methods (revealing the state of the energy) and questionnaires which the patients fill in themselves (revealing subjective description of the organic disorders in the body) while examining one and same patient because in this case there will be a complete confusion of the data received and it is not clear what to treat: functional energy disorders or organic changes. Treating the organic changes only is always less effective because the causative functional disorders remain as they were and later will bring about the same organic changes.
During treatment diagnostics should be repeated several times in order to see first whether the chosen methods of treatment are correct and second whether these very methods while improving the state of the systems under treatment do not worsen the state of other body systems. Letís proceed further. We all know that at certain times during the round the clock period certain acupuncture points become more active. It is common belief that every two hours active points take turns. But it is true only for the vernal and automnal equinox. In summer, when the days are longer, the diurnal period of points activity is longer than 2 hours and since the nights are shorter, the nocturnal period is shorter than 2 hours. And more than that the dependance is not linear but geometrical. So the shifts in activity periods (as compared to equal 2 hours periods) during summer and winter solstice may be over 1 hour depending on the location latitude. If this fact is neglected the reflex therapy procedures become ineffective.
Since none of the known methods of diagnostics allows to check-up the whole vast network of energy systems it becomes necessary either to use simultaneously several methods as each of them lets check a number of itís own systems or to use a complex method. Such complex methods already exist. I have devised a set of diagnostic programmes ďHealth 5.3Ē that includes 12 diagnostic methods with algorithms of evaluation which take into consideration the above-mentioned biorythms; a possibility to find optimal individual prescription of acupuncture points depending on the check-up data of a patient. It also contain a vast reference material including an atlas of acupuncture points, some information from the encyclopaedia of acupuncture and from the works of ancient Chinese doctors, different tables and diagrams. It is also possible to store an unlimited in size data base of the patients with daily entries about the procedures received by the patient and much more. Also the process of information entrance is reduced to a minimum which makes the doctorís work so much easier.